LV Milestones
Significant Dates in the Vampire Timeline

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           1047

The word upir (an early form of the word later to become "vampire") first appears in written form in a document referring to a Russian prince as "Upir Lichy", or wicked vampire.

1190

Walter Map's De Nagis Curialium includes accounts of vampire like beings in England.

1196

William of Newburh's Chronicles records stories of vampire-like revenants in England.

1431

Vlad Dracula III, son of Vlad Dracul II of Wallachia is born

1455

Constantinople falls.

1459

Vlad Dracula massacres 30,000 Boyars, mostly by impalement, putting the rest to work as slave labor rebuilding his castle.  Vlad the Impaler's reign of terror is well underway.

1476

Vlad the Impaler is assassinated.

1484

The Malleus Maleficarium, known as "the witch hunter's bible", is authored by Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger.  How to hunt and kill a vampire is discussed in the work.

1560

Elizabeth Bathory is born.

1610

Elizabeth Bathory is arrested for killing several hundred people and bathing in their blood.  Tried and convicted, she is sentenced to life imprisonment, being bricked into a room in her castle.
Leo Allatius finishes writing the first modern treatment of vampires, De Graecorum hodie quirundam opinationabus.

1657

Francoise Richard's Relation de ce qui s'est passé a Sant-Erini Isle de l'Archipel links vampirism and witchcraft.

1672

Wave of vampire hysteria sweeps through Istra (now in modern Slovenia).  Corpses of suspected vampires are typically staked (to keep them from rising) and decapitated.

1679

German text De Masticatione Mortuorum is written by Philip Rohr.

1710

Vampire hysteria sweeps through East Prussia.

1725

Vampire hysteria returns to East Prussia.

1725–1730

Vampire hysteria lingers in Hungary.

1725–1732

The wave of vampire hysteria in Austrian Serbia produces the famous cases of Peter Plogojowitz and Arnold Paul (Paole).

1727–1732

Arnold Paole wreaks his vampiric havoc on the small town of Meduegna, near Belgrade.

1734

The word "vampyre" enters the English language in translations of German accounts of European waves of vampire hysteria.

1744

Cardinal Giuseppe Davanzati publishes his treatise, Dissertazione sopre I Vampiri.

1746

Dom Augustin Calmet publishes his treatise on vampires, Dissertations sur les Apparitions des Anges des Démons et des Esprits, et sur les revenants, et Vampires de Hundrie, de Bohème, de Moravic, et de Silésie.

1748

The first modern vampire poem, Der Vampir by Heinrich August Ossenfelder, is published.

1750

Another wave of vampire hysteria occurs in East Prussia.

1756

Vampire hysteria peaks in Wallachia.

1772

Vampire hysteria occurs in Russia.

1797

Goethe's Bride of Corinth (a poem concerning a vampire) is published.

1800

Wake Not The Dead by Johann Ludwig Tiek, the first known vampire story in English is published.
I Vampiri, an opera by Silvestro de Palma, opens in Milan, Italy.

1801

Thalaba by Robert Southey is the first poem to mention the vampire in English.

1810

Reports of sheep being killed by having their jugular veins cut and their blood drained circulate through northern England.
The Vampyre, a poem by John Stagg is published

1813

A vampire appears in Lord Byron's The Giaour.

1816

Samuel Taylor Coleridge's haunting poem about a female vampire Cristabel is published.

1819

John Polidori's The Vampyre appears in the April issue of New Monthly Magazine.

1820

La Belle Dame Sans Merci by John Keats is published.

1841

Alexey Tolstoy publishes his short story, Upyr, while living in Paris.  It is the first modern vampire story by a Russian.

1845

Varney the Vampyre begins its serialisation as a penny dreadful.
Birth of Bram Stoker.

1851

Alexandre Dumas' last dramatic work, Le Vampire, opens in Paris.

1854

The case of vampirism in the Ray family of Jewell, Connecticut, is published in local newspapers.

1872

Carmilla by J. Sheridan LeFanu is published.
Vincenzo Vierzeni is convicted in Italy of murdering two and drinking their blood.

1874

Reports from Ceven, Ireland, tell of sheep having their throats cut and their blood drained.

1894

H.G. Wells's short story, The Flowering of the Strange Orchid, is a precursor to science fiction vampire stories.

1897

Bram Stoker publishes Dracula which becomes the inspiration for the creation of the vampire as a stereotypical character on stage and screen. The Vampire by Rudyard Kipling is published.

1912

The Secrets of House No. 5, possibly the first vampire movie, is produced in Great Britain

1914

Dracula's Guest by Bram Stoker is published posthumously.

1920

Dracula, the first film based on the novel, is made in Russia.  Sadly, no copy has survived.

1922

Nosferatu, a German-made silent film produced by Prana Films, is the third attempt to film Dracula.

1924

Fritz Haarmann the "Vampire of Hannover" is convicted of killing over 20 in vampiric crime spree.
Hamilton Dean's stage version of Dracula opens in Derby.
Sherlock Holmes has his only encounter with a vampire in The Case of the Sussex Vampire.

1927

14th February: Stage version of Dracula debuts at the Little Theatre in London.
October: American version of Dracula starring Bela Lugosi, opens at Fulton Theatre in New York City.
Tod Browning directs Lon Chaney in London After Midnight, the first full-length feature film.

1928

England sees the first printing of The Vampire: His Kith and Kin by Montague Summers.

1929

Montague Summers's second vampire book, The Vampire in Europe, is published.

1931

January: Spanish film version of Dracula is previewed.
February: Dracula, the American film version starring Bela Lugosi, premiers at the Roxy Theatre in New York City.
Peter Kurten of Düsseldorf, Germany, is executed after being found guilty of murdering a number of people in a vampiric killing spree.

1932

The highly acclaimed movie Vampyr, directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, is released.

1936

Dracula's Daughter is released by Universal Pictures.

1942

A. E. Van Vought's Asylum is the first story about an alien vampire.

1943

Son of Dracula (Universal Pictures), starring Lon Chaney Jr. as Dracula, is released.

1944

John Carradine plays Dracula for the first time in Horror of Dracula.

1953

Drakula Istanbul'da, a Turkish film adaptation of Dracula, is released.
Eerie No. 8 includes the first comic book adaptation of Dracula.

1954

The Comics Code banishes vampires from comic books.
I am Legend by Richard Matheson presents vampirism as a disease that alters the body.

1956

John Carradine plays Dracula in the first television adaptation of the play for Matinee Theatre.
Kyuketsuki Ga, the first Japanese vampire film, is released.

1957

The first Italian vampire movie, I Vampiri, is released.
American producer Roger Corman makes the first science fiction vampire movie, Not of This Earth.
El Vampiro with German Robles is the first of a new wave of Mexican vampire films.

1958

Hammer Films in Great Britain initiates a new wave of interest in vampires with the first of itsDracula, starring Christopher Lee and released in the United States as the Horror of Dracula.
First issue of Famous Monsters of Filmland signals a new interest in horror films in the United States.

1959

Plan 9 From Outer Space is Bela Lugosi's last film.

1961

The Bad Flower is the first Korean film adaptation of Dracula.

1962

The Count Dracula Society is founded in the United States by Donald Reed.

1964

The Munsters and The Addams Family, two horror comedies with vampire characters, open in the autumn television season.

1965

Jeanne Younson founds The Count Dracula Fan Club.
The Munsters, based on the television show of the same name, is the first comic book series featuring a vampire character.

1966

Vampire Barnabas Collins makes his debut on Dark Shadows.

1969

First issue of Vampirella, the longest running vampire comic book to date, is released.
Denholm Elliot plays the title role in a BBC television production of Dracula, Does Dracula Really Suck? (aka Dracula and the Boys) is released as the first gay vampire movie.

1970

The Vampire Research Society is founded by Seán Manchester.
Christopher Lee stars in El Conde Dracula, the Spanish film adaptation of Dracula.

1971

Marvel Comics releases the first copy of a post-Comics Code vampire comic book, The Tomb of Dracula.  Morbius, the Living Vampire, is the first new vampire character introduced after the revision of the Comics code allowed vampires to reappear in comic books.

1972

Stephan Kaplan founds The Vampire Research Centre.
Raymond T. McNally and Radu Florescu release In Search of Dracula, linking Vlad the Impaler as the inspiration for Stoker's Dracula.
True Vampires of History by Donald Glut is the first attempt to assemble the stories of all the historical vampire figures.
The Night Stalker with Darrin McGavin becomes the most watched television movie to that point in time.

1973

The last known execution of a Tlahuelpuchi(vampire witch) takes place in Tlaxcala, Mexico.
Nancy Garden's Vampires launches a wave of juvenile literature for children and youth.

1975

Fred Saberhagen proposes viewing Dracula as a hero rather than a villain in The DraculaTape.
The World of Dark Shadows is founded as the first Dark Shadows fanzine.

1976

First book of Anne Rice's vampire series, Interview With The Vampire, is published.
Stephen King is nominated for the World Fantasy Award for his vampire novel, 'Salem's Lot.

1977

A new dramatic version of Dracula opens on Broadway starring Frank Langella.
Louis Jourdan stars in the title role in Count Dracula, a three-hour version of Bram Stoker's book on BBC television.
Martin V. Riccardo founds the Vampire Studies Society.

1978

Chelsea Quinn Yarbro's book Hotel Transylvania joins the volumes of Fred Saberhagen and Anne Rice as the third major effort to begin a reappraisal of the vampire myth during the decade.
Eric Held and Dorothy Nixon found the Vampire Information Exchange.

1979

Based on the success of the new Broadway production, Universal Pictures remakes Dracula, starring Frank Langella.
The band Bauhaus's recording of 'Bela Lugosi's Dead' becomes the first hit of the new gothic rock music movement.
Shadowgram is founded as a Dark Shadows fanzine.

1980

The Bram Stoker Society is founded in Dublin, Ireland.
The World Federation of Dark Shadows Clubs (now Dark Shadows Official Fan Club) is founded.

1983

In the December issue of Dr. Strange, Marvel Comics' ace occultist kills all of the vampires in the world, thus banishing them from Marvel Comics for the next six years.
The Hunger, starring Catherine Deneueve, Susan Sarandon, and David Bowie, is released.

1985

The Vampire Lestat by Anne Rice is published and reaches the best seller list.
Fright Night, Transylvania 6-5000, and the anime flick Vampire Hunter D are among a number of vampire films released.

1986

Vamp, featuring Grace Jones, is released.  Films like it, last year's Fright Night and – 1987 – The Lost Boys combine horror and humour.

1988

The Queen Of The Damned by Anne Rice is published.
Dracula's Widow, directed by Francis Ford Coppola's nephew, bombs.

1989

Overthrow of Romanian dictator Nikolai Ceaucescu opens Transylvania to Dracula enthusiasts.
Nancy Collins wins a Bram Stoker Award for her vampire novel Sunglasses After Dark.

1991

Vampire: The Masquerade,the most successful of the vampire role-playing games, is released by White Wolf.

1992

Bram Stoker's Dracula, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, is released.
Andrei Chokatilo of Russia is sentenced to death after killing and vampirising 55 people.
The Tale of the Body Thief by Anne Rice is published.
Film version of Buffy the Vampire Slayer appears.
CBS' Forever Knight begins a three-year run as a tv series.

1994

Interview With The Vampire comes to the big screen.  Oprah Winfrey forms "prayer circle" outside premiere to work against the forces of darkness she believes the film is calling down.  Others also are appalled by the casting of Tom Cruise and Brad Pitt.

1995

The first book in the Anita Blake Vampire Hunter Series , "Guilty Pleasures" is published.
Pam Keesey edits Dark Angels, an anthology of lesbian vampire fiction.

1996

The series Kindred: the Embraced airs for a whole 8 episodes.
Director Quentin Tarantino makes From Dusk Till Dawn.
Anne Rice announces she has re-embraced her Catholic faith and will never again write on the subject of vampires.

1997

The Sanguinarius site, a comprehensive resource for real vampire support and information is opened.
TV version of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, starring Sarah Michelle Geller, debuts.  Teen lockers get new poster girl.

1998

Blade is released, with Wesley Snipes as a vampire slayer.
Pandora and The Vampire Armand by Anne Rice are published.

1999

Vittorio the Vampire by Anne Rice is published.

2002

The Movie Queen of the Damned starring Stuart Townsend and Aaliyah is released.  Blade II is also released.
Rumors the government is in collusion with vampires to collect human blood for international agencies in exchange for food leads to a rash of vigilante violence in Malawi.

2003

Buffy the Vampire Slayer final episode airs.   Underworld starring Kate Beckinsale is released.

2004

The Psychic Vampire Codex by Michelle Belanger is published quickly becoming the standard sourcebook for information on psi vampirism.
Real life blood-drinking vampire Don Henrie is featured on the reality TV show Mad Mad House.

2006

Ray Sharkey amuses the general public but not the vampire community by running as a self identified vampire for governor of Minneapolis on the Vampires, Witches and Pagans Party ticket.
Underworld: Evolution is released.

2007

A third movie version of author Richard Matheson's I Am Legend is made starring Will Smith.
Vampires come to primetime television again with CBS' Moonlight and Lifetime's Blood Ties series, the latter based on Tanya Huff's Blood books.

2008

True Blood based on Charlaine Harris' Southern Vampire Mysteries is serialised as an HBO special
Twilight, a movie based on the Stephanie Meyers Twilight Saga books premieres in late fall with a record-breaking soundtrack.



Compiled by Blacklight and Imon           
Partly sourced from 'The Encyclopedia of the Undead'
by J. Gordon Melton. Visible Ink Press. ©1994

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